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PAPUA NEW GUINEA
SPOKEN LANGUAGES IN PAPUA NEW GUINEA2
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[DGZ] 6,000 (1991 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, Rabaraba District, and Central Province, Abau District. Alternate names: DIMUGA, NAWP.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Dagan. 
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DAMBI

[DAC] 445 (1979 census).  Morobe Province, Mumeng District. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang, Mumeng. 
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DANARU

[DNR] 115 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Peka. 
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DANO

[ASO] 30,000 (1987 SIL).  Eastern Highlands Province, Goroka District. Alternate names: UPPER ASARO, ASARO.  Dialects: UPPER ASARO, LUNUBE MADO, BOHENA, AMAIZUHO, KONGI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, East-Central, Gahuku-Benabena. 
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DAONDA

[DND] 200 (1993 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Amanab District near Imonda. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Northern, Border, Waris. 
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DAWAWA

[DWW] 2,500 (1994 SIL).  West and inland from Wedau in Milne Bay Province, Rabaraba District. Alternate names: DAWANA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Kakabai. 
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DEDUA

[DED] 5,000 (1991 SIL).  Morobe Province, Sialum District, headwaters of the Masaweng and Tewae rivers, south of Mt. Besenona. Dialects: DZEIGOC, FANIC.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Huon, Eastern. 
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DEGENAN

[DGE] 358 (1975 Z'Graggen).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Warup. 
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DENGALU

[DEA] 140 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang, Mumeng. 
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DIA

[DIA] 1,880 (1973 Laycock).  Sandaun Province. Alternate names: ALU, METRU, GALU.  Classification: Torricelli, Wapei-Palei, Wapei. 

DIMIR

[DMC] 1,700 (1986 PBT).  Madang Province. Alternate names: BOSKIEN, BOSIKEN.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Isumrud, Dimir. 

DIODIO

[DDI] 1,200 (1972 census).  Milne Bay Province, west coast of Goodenough Island. Dialects: IAUIAULA, UTALO, AWALE, CENTRAL DIODIO.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Bwaidoga. 
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DOBU

[DOB] 10,000 (1998 SIL). Lingua franca for 100,000 (1987 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, Esa'ala District, Sanaroa, Dobu, and parts of Fergusson and Normanby islands. 500 villages. Dialects: GALUBWA, SANAROA, UBUIA, CENTRAL DOBU, LOBODA (ROBODA, DAWADA-SIAUSI).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Dobu-Duau. 
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DOGA

[DGG] 200 (1975 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, north coast of Cape Vogel. Alternate names: MAGABARA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Are. 
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DOM

[DOA] 12,000 (1994 NTM).  Simbu Province, mainly south of the Wahgi River from Kundiawa west of the Sinasina area. Dialects: ERA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Central, Chimbu. 
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DOMU

[DOF] 593 (1979 census).  Central Province, coast east of Cape Rodney and inland. Alternate names: DOM.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Mailuan. 
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DOMUNG

[DEV] 2,000 (1991 SIL).  Tapen, Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Yupna. 

DOROMU

[KQC] 1,200 (1993 SIL).  Central Province, south of Mt. Obree, west of Mt. Brown. Alternate names: DORAM.  Dialects: KOKILA, KORIKO, KOKI (DOROMU).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Manubaran. 
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DOSO

[DOL] 700 (1973 D. Shaw).  Western Province, Aramia River and Wawoi Falls areas, near the Kamula. Classification: Unclassified. 
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DOURA

[DON] 800 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Central Province, around Galley Reach. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, West Central Papuan, Nuclear. 
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DUAU

[DUA] 3,550 (1991 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, Sawabwala, Normanby islands. Dialects: MWALUKWASIA, SOMWADINA, GULEGULEU (GURAGUREU), DAWADA, SIAUSI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Dobu-Duau. 
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DUDUELA

[DUK] 469 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Nuru. 
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DUMPU

[WTF] 261 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, two villages: Bebei and Dumpu. Alternate names: WATIFA, WATIWA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Evapia. 
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DUMUN

[DUI] 42 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Alternate names: BAI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Yaganon. 
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DUNA

[DUC] 11,000 (1991 SIL).  Southern Highlands Province, Lake Kopiago and Koroba districts, some in Western Highlands Province. Alternate names: YUNA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Duna-Bogaya. 
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DUWET

[GVE] 398 (1988 Holzknecht).  Morobe Province, Busu River area. Alternate names: GUWET, GUWOT, WAING.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Lower, Busu. 

EDOLO

[ETR] 1,300 (1995 Deiyo Bamo).  Southern Highlands Province, Tari District, and Western Province, Nomad District; southwest of Mt. Sisa. Alternate names: ETORO, EDOLO ADO, ETOLO.  Dialects: EASTERN EDOLO, WESTERN EDOLO.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Bosavi. 
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EITIEP

[EIT] 394 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, southwest of Kombio, and partially in Sandaun Province, across Bongos River. Classification: Torricelli, Kombio-Arapesh, Kombio. 
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EIVO

[EIV] 1,200 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Mountains of south central North Solomons Province. Classification: East Papuan, Bougainville, West, Rotokas. 
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ELEPI

[ELE] 149 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, coast around Samap. Alternate names: SAMAP.  Classification: Torricelli, Marienberg. 
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ELKEI

[ELK] 1,590 (1988 SIL).  Sandaun Province. Alternate names: OLKOI.  Classification: Torricelli, Wapei-Palei, Wapei. 
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ELU

[ELU] 216 (1983 SIL).  Manus Province, north coast of Manus Island. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. 
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ENGA

[ENQ] 164,750 (1981 Wurm and Hattori), including 12,000 in Sau (1990 UBS).  Enga Province. The Maramuni are nomadic, and are in the lower reaches of the central range. Alternate names: CAGA, TSAGA, TCHAGA.  Dialects: KANDEPE, LAYAPO, TAYATO, MAE (MAI, WABAG), MARAMUNI (MALAMUNI), KAINA, KAPONA, SAU (SAU ENGA, WAPI), YANDAPO, LAPALAMA 1, LAPALAMA 2, LAIAGAM, SARI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, West-Central, Enga. 
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ENGLISH

[ENG] 50,000 in Papua New Guinea (1987), 1.5% of the population.   Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English. 
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ERAVE

[KJY] 7,000 (1997 K. Franklin).  Southern Highlands Province. Alternate names: POLE, SOUTH KEWA, KEWA SOUTH.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, West-Central, Angal-Kewa. 
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ERE

[TWP] 1,030 (1980 census).  Manus Province, south coast, Drabitou, Lohe, Londru, Metawari, Pau, Piterait, Taui-Undrau, Hatwara, and Loi villages. Alternate names: NANE, E.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. 
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EWAGE-NOTU

[NOU] 12,900 (1988 SIL).  Oro Province, Popondetta District, on the coast between Bakumbari and Pongani. Alternate names: NOTU, EWAGE.  Dialects: EWAGE-NOTU, YEGA (GONA, OKEINA, OKENA).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Binanderean, Binanderean Proper. 
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FAITA

[FAT] 57 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Brahman. 
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FAIWOL

[FAI] 4,500 (1987 SIL).  Western Province, Tabubil District, at the headwaters of the Fly and Palmer rivers. Not in Irian Jaya. Alternate names: FAIWOLMIN, FEGOLMIN, UNKIA, KAUWOL, KAWOL, KAVWOL.  Dialects: WOPKEIMIN, ANKIYAKMIN.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Ok, Mountain. 
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FAS

[FAS] 1,600 or more (1988 W. Baron SIL).  Sandaun Province, Amanab and Aitape districts. Alternate names: BEMBI.  Dialects: EASTERN FAS, WESTERN FAS.  Classification: Kwomtari-Baibai, Kwomtari. 
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FASU

[FAA] 1,200 including 750 Fasu, 300 Namuni, 150 Some (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Southern Highlands Province, Nipa District. Alternate names: NAMOME.  Dialects: SOME, KAIBU (KAIPU), NAMOME (NAMUMI, NAMUNI).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Kutubuan, West. 
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FEMBE

[AGL] 350 (1986 SIL).  Western Province, Upper Strickland River. Alternate names: SINALE, AGALA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, East Strickland. 
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FINUNGWA

[FAG] 469 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province. Alternate names: FINUNGWAN.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Erap. 
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FIWAGA

[FIW] 300 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Southern Highlands Province, northeast of Tama. Alternate names: FIMAGA, FIWAGE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Kutubuan, East. 
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FOI

[FOI] 2,800 (1980 UBS).  Southern Highlands Province, east and south of Lake Kutubu and Mubi River. Alternate names: FOE, MUBI RIVER.  Dialects: IFIGI, KAFA, KUTUBU, MUBI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Kutubuan, East. 
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FOLOPA

[PPO] 3,000 (1985 SIL).  Gulf Province, Baimuru District, Kerabi Valley; also in Southern Highlands Province. 20 villages. Alternate names: PODOPA, POLOPA, PODOBA, FORABA.  Dialects: RO (KEAI, WORUGL), BARA (HARAHUI, HARAHU), SESA (MAMISA, SONGU, IBUKAIRU), KEWAH, TEBERA, AUREI, WARAGA, PUPITAU, BORO, SURI, SILIGI, SOPESE, KEBA-WOPASALI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Teberan-Pawaian, Teberan. 
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FORAK

[FRO] 163 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, Saidor District, Mamgak village, 5 miles west and inland from Seure on the coast. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Warup. 
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FORE

[FOR] 17,000 (1991 SIL).  Eastern Highlands Province, Okapa District. Dialects: PAMUSA (SOUTH FORE), NORTH CENTRAL FORE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, East-Central, Fore. 
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FUYUG

[FUY] 18,000 (1994 SIL).  Central Province, Goilala District, Owen Stanley Range. Alternate names: FUYUGE, FUYUGHE, MAFUFU.  Dialects: CENTRAL UDAB, NORTHEAST FUYUG, NORTH-SOUTH UDAB, WEST FUYUG.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Goilalan. 
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GABUTAMON

[GAV] 302 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, 10 miles west southwest of Gali. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Yupna. 
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GADSUP

[GAJ] 10,000 (1996 SIL).  Eastern Highlands Province, Kainantu District. Dialects: OYANA (OIYANA), GADSUP.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Eastern, Gadsup-Auyana-Awa. 
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GAIKUNDI

[GBF] 700 (1975 SIL).  East Sepik Province, Ambunti District, Sepik Plains south of Maprik. Alternate names: GAIKUNTI.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Middle Sepik, Ndu. 
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GAINA

[GCN] 1,130 including 1,000 in Bareji, 130 in Gaina (1971 Dutton).  Oro Province, next to the Baruga, the villages around Iwuji. Dialects: BAREJI (BAREDJI), GAINA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Binanderean, Binanderean Proper. 
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GAL

[GAP] 224 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, on the Gogol River. Alternate names: BAIMAK, WEIM.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Hanseman. 

GALEYA

[GAR] 1,876 (1972 Govt. survey).  Milne Bay Province, northeast coast, Fergusson Island. Alternate names: GAREA.  Dialects: WADALEI, GAMETA, URUA, BASIMA, SEBUTUIA, GAREA (GALEYA).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Dobu-Duau. 
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GANGLAU

[GGL] 154 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Yaganon. 
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GANTS

[GAO] 1,884 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Alternate names: GAJ.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Kalam, Gants. 

GAPAPAIWA

[PWG] 3,000 including about 1,300 in western dialect, 1,700 in eastern (1998 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, Makamaka District, south coast of Cape Vogel and inland along the Ruaba River. Alternate names: MANAPE, GAPA, PAIWA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Are. 
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